Inspector Scott Lloyd

The operational and ethical challenges in the police use of Automated Facial Recognition

South Wales Police commenced its use of Automated Facial Recognition (AFR) technology in June 2017 as a result of the UEFA Champions League final coming to Cardiff’s Millennium Stadium.  The week-long football celebration attracted an additional footfall in excess of 1.5 million onto the streets of Cardiff from across Europe.

The live-time deployment of the technology was the largest of its kind and resulted in the first arrest from utilising the technology anywhere in the UK.

Over the preceding two years, South Wales Police have continued to refine its use of the technology along with considering the ethical implications of its use.

The technology is also deployed post-event and has been utilised to identify hundreds of people suspected of criminality and assisted in the identification of persons that are most vulnerable on our community.

For further information see

Digital Services South Wales Police & Gwent Police: @DigitalBlueCops


Scott Lloyd has been a police officer for 20 years, starting his career in the Metropolitan Police Service before joining Wiltshire Police.

For the last 14 years, Insp Lloyd has been with South Wales Police, the majority of which has been working in Cardiff city centre focusing on violent crime and the late night economy.

Insp Lloyd has worked in the technology division of the force for the past three years, initially delivering Body Worn Video and is currently the force Lead for Automated Facial Recognition technology.